Indifference Curve

Consume at the same curve has the same utility.

Slop of indifference curve

Method 1


Marginal Rate of Substitution (MRS)



Method 2

$du=\frac{\alpha u}{\alpha x}dx+\frac{\alpha u}{\alpha y}dy=0 \;\;(u\;constant)$
$\therefore \frac{dy}{dx}=-\frac{{MU}_{x}}{{MU}_{y}}$


  1. slop negative, which means x and y are both good goods, not bad goods.
  2. ICs can't cross.
  3. IC convex.
  4. For constant $\bar{y}$, as x increases, MRS decreases. (As x increases, y becomes more and more scarce, so need more x to exchange, thus MRS decreases.)


The usual form of function to describe the IC is the Cobb-Douglas function

See also

Derive demand curve from indifference curve

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